ELM, WHITE

(H)

Botanical Name: Ulmus americana White elm is the largest and arguably the most stately elm of all. More so than other elms, this majestic tree was devastated by Dutch elm disease and today it is relatively difficult to find white elm lumber. The wood is extremely easy to bend and is most often used to make furniture. When sliced on the quarter, white elm pro­duces lovely ribbon-striped veneers.

Other Names: American elm, water elm, swamp elm (U. S.A.); orhamwood, gray elm (Canada).

Sources: Canada and U. S.A.

Characteristics: Usually straight grain, though often interlocked; coarse texture; light, yellowish-brown color. Uses: Furniture, boat building, sports equipment and decorative veneers.

Workability: Generally good; dulls cutting edges moder­ately; good bending properties, but pro...

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EBONY, MACASSAR

(H)

Botanical Name: Dioepyroe spp.

Macassar ebony, unlike black ebony with its intense deep hue, is multicolored, usually more light than dark. Both Macassar ebony and black ebony are used in the finest inlay and cabinet work. Macassar ebony comes from a number of different species that are all part of the ebony family; there may be some variation in densi­ty, texture and appearance from one piece to another. Other Names: Calamander wood, Coromandel (U. t.); golden ebony, marblewood.

Source: Southeast Asia.

Characteristics: Extremely dense with very brittle heartwood; mostly straight grain, but may be irregular or wavy; fine, even texture; dark brown to black, with light-brown streaks.

Uses: Cabinetwork, turnings, brush backs, walking sticks, musical instruments, inlay work, billiard cues...

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DOUGLAS-FIR

(S)

Botanical Name: Pseudotsuga menzieeii One of the most widely used woods in North America, and the continent’s most plentiful species, Douglas-fir is highly valued as a construction wood because of its strength, stiffness, moderate weight and availability of large size timbers. It is frequently spelled without the hyphen as “Douglas fir,” although it is, in fact, not a fir at all but part of the genus Pseudotsuga, or “false hem­lock.” Current shortages of this lumber are due more to logging bans than any real scarcity. With its prominent growth ring figure, Douglas-fir also yields attractive veneers and plywood.

Other Names: British Columbia pine, Oregon pine, yellow fir, red fir.

Sources: Canada, Western U. S.A., Europe...

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CHESTNUT, AMERICAN

(H)

Botanical Name: Caetanea dentata Virtually exterminated by a fungus disease known as chestnut blight, the majority of chestnut now comes from recycled timbers from barns and other buildings that pre-datethe blight. It has also been available from standing dead trees that have been attacked by insects. The resulting “wormy chestnut” is nonetheless considered an attractive wood that retains chestnut’s natural durability and makes it excellent for outdoor use. Other Names: Wormy chestnut, sweet chestnut. Sources: Canada and Eastern U. S.A.

Characteristics: Porous growth rings result in promi­nent figure; coarse texture; pale brown.

Uses: Poles, stakes, picture frames, furniture and decorative veneers.

Workability: Generally easy to work; ferrous metals may stain the wood blue; spli...

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CEDAR, WHITE

(5)

Botanical Name: Thuja occidentalis White cedar is popular in North America for its resis­tance to decay, it is often used for canoes, shingles and other exterior applications. While not especially strong, the wood is easy to work and is well suited to outdoor decorative objects. Smaller trees are used for poles and posts. The wood is seldom figured and almost never used as veneer.

Other Names: Arborvitae, eastern white cedar, swamp cedar.

Sources: Canada and U. S.A.

Characteristics: Straight grain; even texture; light brown heartwood; sapNood is white; many knots commonly present.

Uses: Boat building, posts and decorative fencing. Workability: Good.

Finishing: Accepts finishes well.

Weight: 23 Ib./cu. ft.

CEDAR, WHITE
Price: Inexpensive.

Подпись: CHACTACOTEПодпись:(H)

Botanical Name: Sick’mgia ealvadoreneie Chactacote, a ha...

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CEDAR, WESTERN RED

(S)

Botanical Name: Thuja plicata

A grand-sized tree, western red cedar can grow to more than 150 feet in height. It is one of the lightest and most durable softwoods, making it ideal for outdoor use. Its distinct growth ring figure and attractive color also give it significant value for paneling and veneer. Especially knotty pieces are sold as “knotty cedar.” This species is slow to regenerate; if current heavy levels of consumption do not abate, western red cedar could become a rare wood in the 21st Century.

Other Names: Giant arborvitae (U. S.A.); red cedar (Canada); British Columbia red cedar (U. K.); canoe-cedar. Sources: Canada, U. S.A.

Characteristics: Straight grain; coarse texture.

Uses: Outdoor furniture, boat building, exterior millwork...

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CEDAR, AROMATIC

(S)

Botanical Name: Juniperus virginiana Like most other trees known as “cedar,” aromatic cedar is not botanically a “cedar” at all. In fact, the tree from which this softwood comes is a juniper. But the timber contains cedar oil and gives off the familiar “cedar” scent that is said to repel moths. These two characteristics are the reason why the wood is frequently used to line closets and chests.

Other Names: Red cedar, eastern red cedar, Tennessee red cedar, juniper.

Sources: Canada and eastern U. S.A.

Characteristics: Straight grain; fine texture; reddish – brown; boards often have knots and bark inclusions. Uses: Carving, linings of closets and chests, veneers and pencils.

Workability: Generally good, but brittle; may break or chip when drilled; may split in nailing.

Finish...

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BUTTERNUT

(H)

Botanical Name: Jugians c’merea A member of the walnut family, butternut has assumed a place of honor as the wood often chosen for church altars. This tree is treasured for more than its wood; it possesses a rich, delicious nut and produces a sap that is used to make a sweet syrup similar to maple syrup.

Other Names: White walnut, oil nut.

Sources: Canada, U. S.A.

Characteristics: Straight grain; soft but coarse tex­ture; medium light brown.

Uses: Furniture, interior trim on boats, interior joinery, carving, veneers.

Workability: Generally good; because wood is soft, it is important to keep cutters sharp; will fuzz up when sanded; poor bending properties.

Finishing: Accepts finishes very well.

Weight: 26> Ib./cu. ft.

Price: Moderate.

CATALPA

(H)

Botanical Name: Catalpa speciosa A soft...

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BUBINGA

(H)

Botanical name: Guibourtia spp.

A rosewood substitute, bubinga’s logs often weigh more than 10 tons; they can be cut into extremely wide planks. Kevazingo, a veneer peeled from irregularly grained logs, possesses a wild, flame-like figure that is popular for cabinetwork.

Other Names: African rosewood, essingang, kevazingo (rotary-cut veneer only).

5ources: Equatorial Africa (Cameroon, Gabon and Zaire). Characteristics: Very dense; fine grain; purplish pink to salmon red, with dark purple veining. Quartersawn boards often show very attractive black mottle figure. Uses: Turning, furniture, cabinetwork and veneers. Workability: Generally good; irregulargrain tends to tear when hand-planed; pre-bore for nailing.

Finishing: Excellent.

Weight: 55 Ib./cu. ft.

Price: Expensive.

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BOCOTE

(H)

Botanical Name: Cordia spp.

A beautiful substitute for rosewood, bocote is one of the many types of cordia—a group of hardwoods found throughout the West Indies, tropical America, Africa and Asia. Bocote’s texture is similar to teak—although it is somewhat harder—and its wild figure patterns produce stunning cabinetwork. The wood is available only in small sizes.

Other Name: Cordia.

Sources: Mexico, Belize, Honduras.

Characteristics: Straight grain; moderately coarse texture; green to golden yellow with black figure patterns. Uses: Furniture, cabinets, interior joinery, turning and decorative veneers.

Workability: Generally good; blunts cutting edges slightly; good bending properties.

Finishing: Accepts finishes well.

Weight: 4B Ib./cu. ft.

Price: Expensive.

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