Daily Archives 10th November 2014

HEAT ACCELERATION OF GLUE SETS

While all types of glue set faster in warm atmospheres, thermoplastic glues, i. e. heat – melting glues such as hide glue, will soften or liquefy under pronounced heat; but thermosetting glues will cure much more rapidly either by quicker evaporation of the moisture content, as in modified animal glues, or by a definite heat reaction in the case of synthetic resin glues. As this rapid acceleration of glue sets is of great importance to furniture – manufacturers seeking quick release of expensive tools, jigs and equipment, considerable research has been directed into the study of the most effective methods of applying heat without scorching the wood or disrupting its fibres, and various processes have been perfected which are now used extensively in industry for edge banding, laminating, sc...

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AUSTRALIA

A NEW GENERATION One of the first Australian designers to look to the future for inspiration was Douglas Snelling. His Saran chairs, launched in 1947, incorporated parachute webbing and ushered in a new, experimental era in Australian furniture design. From 1947 to 1955, Snelling worked with the Sydney-based company Functional Products to produce furniture that was spare in style and concise in craftsmanship.

More flamboyant in his approach to design was the Melbourne designer Grant Featherston. Featherston’s designs for a House of the Future in 1949 declared his intention to take Australian

furniture into uncharted territory. His plywood Contour chair of 1951 was so advanced that no local manufacturer could put it into production, forcing Featherston to make it himself...

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PRESSING METHODS

Thin sheets or veneers can be pressed in simple male and female formers/forms (321:3), or over

322 Dining chairs by Robert Williams of Pearl Dot. The graceful backs to this design are tapered in thickness as well as being laminated

323 Finishing laminated shapes at the factory of Alesbury Brothers Limited. (By courtesy of CIBA [ARL] Ltd)

324 Bending beech chair backs. (By courtesy of Ercol Furniture Ltd)

a male former only in a vacuum-bag press (321:7). Square section laminations can be bent and pressed with metal straps terminating in screw bolts over a male former (321:4), or with segmented female formers G-cramped/ C-clamped in position as 321:5 which will pull the ends in to the curve. Pressure should be applied from the top centre outwards...

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HERMAN MILLER FURNITURE CO

A CUTTING-EDGE FURNITURE-MAKER IN THE UNITED STATES, THE HERMAN

Miller Furniture Company helped to create a distinct American style.

Buttons not only tighten the fabric but also perform a decorative function.

EXPO MARK II SOUND CHAIR

The Expo Mark II Sound chair is made of a polystyrene shell covered in polyurethane foam. It was designed by Grant and Mary Featherston and made by Aristoc Industries, Melbourne. 1967.

The tapered legs of the base are typical of the period.

provided Featherston with the opportunity to experiment with bending wood without compromising on strength, and this chair clearly demonstrates how seating furniture can be moulded to accommodate the human form. This example is covered in the original blue vinyl fixed with buttons...

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Cozy And Charming Bedroom Decoration With Sophisticated Traditional Wrought Iron Bed

Gracious And Impressive Bedroom Decorating Idea With Artistic Iron Bed A traditional iron bed also perfect for decorating your modern bedroom style even it can add a sophisticated touch to your bedroom so your bedroom will be a coziest spot at your home. TheseRead More

THE UNITED STATES

DURING THE FIRST half of the 20th century, the United States could rarely be described as being at the forefront of furniture design. By 1951, however, the British critic H. M. Dunnett was writing that there was “more evidence of a Modern Movement in America than there has been for 20 years”. Dunnett went on to note that “contemporary designs in all sorts of materials and combinations have appeared. Solid wood, plywood, laminated wood and fabric, tube and solid steel, aluminium alloys, glass, Perspex, and other plastics have all been used in a variety of ways [by American designers] to produce new forms”.

EMBRACING MODERNITY The United States’ transformation from laggard to leading light in furniture design can be attributed to a fortuitous combination of factors, the most obvious ...

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Laminated insets

Where the required wood member is for the most part straight with a curved portion at the end, the bend can be achieved by saw kerfing the timber and inserting glue-coated laminae of the exact thickness to fill the gaps. The saw cuts should be staggered in the length and spaced within the capacity of the separate tongues to bend to the desired radius. Figure 321:8 makes the process clear.

Laminating compound spapes

Thin malleable veneers will sometimes conform to very shallow curves in two directions, as on the surface of a large sphere, and such double curvature can be assisted by pre-moistening and pressing between heated cauls or formers/ forms, but the amount of stretch must be within the elastic limits of the wood plies otherwise the veneers will crease and crumple like a sheet of sti...

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CRANBRQQK ACADEMY OF ART

A PROGRESSIVE ACADEMY THAT ENCOURAGED EXPERIMENTATION,

Cranbrook deeply influenced Modern American design.

Established in 1932, the Cranbrook Academy of Art turned out impressive graduates, including Charles and Ray Eames, Eero Saarinen, Harry Bertoia, David Rowland, Florence Knoll, and many others who were to make major contributions to Modern American furniture design.

The academy was founded by George and Ellen Booth. Both believed in the union of spiritual and artistic pursuits and spent considerable time and money developing an academic community in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, that survives to this day.

Cranbrook was first led by the Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. Visiting lecturers included Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright...

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LAMINATED BENDS

Thin strips or laminations of wood glued and bent to a curve will not revert to their former shape because each strip is in effect concentric and of fractionally smaller radius than its immediate neighbour which the adhesive will lock firmly in position. Here again practical application is straightforward and equally applicable to fairly large surfaces, door and drawer fronts, etc., or to square sections as in chair-work. The thickness of the individual laminae must depend on the limiting radius of curvature of the particular timber employed, but as a general rule thickness should not exceed 1/8in (3 mm). Thinner laminae of veneer thickness 1/32 in (0.7 mm) and up will yield stiffer, heavier laminations but will take much longer to build up and require more glue...

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CHARLES AND RAY EAMES

ESU-420N STORAGE UNIT This storage unit is an early design by Charles and Ray Eames. The panels at the front are in beige, grey, black, and white masonite and fibreglass. The whole is supported on a steel frame in black. Made by the Herman Miller Furniture Company c.1951. H:148.5cm (5812in); W:119.5cm (47in); D:40.75cm (16in). R20

LAR (LOW ARMCHAIR ROD) CHAIR

The chair’s seat is made from moulded, fibreglass-reinforced polyester and is raised on a painted, steel-rod base. Manufactured by the Herman Miller Furniture Company. 1950. H:61cm (24in); W:63cm (247/ain); D:64cm (25/in) WKA

REVOLUTIONIZING FURNITURE DESIGN WITH

their innovative use of materials, the eameses produced timeless classics.

ROSEWOOD TABLE

In keeping with Charles and Ray Eames’ desire ...

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