ZIRICOTE

(H)

Botanical Name: Cordia dodecandra A stunning, dark wood, ziricote is easy to work and can be broughtto a very smooth finish. Though difficult 5o dry, once this is achieved it is relatively stable and highly durable. Like bocote, ziricote is a Central American member of the cordias. The two woods are, in fact, quite similar, differing mainly in color.

Other Name: Cordia.

Sources: Belize, Mexico.

Characteristics: Straight grain, medium to moderately fine texture; black, gray or dark brown with black streaks. Uses: Furniture, cabinetwork, interior joinery and veneers.

Workability: Very good; little blunting of cutters. Finishing: Accepts finish well.

Weight: 45-50 Ib./cu. ft.

Подпись: 137

ZIRICOTEPrice: Expensive

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ZEBRAWOOD

(И)

Botanical Name: Microberlinia brazzaviWeneie Distinctive in appearance, zebrawood comes from two species of large trees found mainly in Cameroon and Gabon, West Africa. While it is usually seen as a veneer in North America, when quartersawn this timber can give beautiful results in solid form. Zebrawood is difficult to work, however, and veneers tend to be fragile. Other Names: Zingana (France, Gabon); Allen ele, amouk (Cameroon); zebrano.

Source: West Africa.

Characteristics: Wavy to interlocked grain; medium to coarse texture; heartwood pale yellow brown with thin darker streaks; sapwood white.

Uses: Turning, tool handles, skis, inlay, furniture, cabinetwork and decorative veneers.

Workability: Fair; dulls cutting edges moderately; interlocked grain will tend to tear; suffers from h...

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WILLOW

(H)

Botanical Name: Salix nigra While its European cousin is used most notably in cricket bats, black willow is most frequently used in North America by school woodworking shops; it is the most commercially valuable of the more than 100 types of native North Kmerican willows. Willow’s strength and relative lightness make it the clear choice for artificial limbs.

Other Name: Black Willow.

Sources: Canada, Eastern U. S.A. and Mexico. Characteristics: Light, tough wood; straight grain; fine texture; grayish-brown with reddish-brown streaks. Uses: Artificial limbs, toys, wickerwork, baskets, boxes, crates, decorative veneers.

Workability: Satisfactory; maintain sharp cutters to prevent fraying; poor bending properties; often contains reaction wood.

Finishing: Accepts finishes well.

Weight: 2...

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WENGE

(H)

Botanical Name: Millettia spp.

A strong, heavy, hard wood, wenge offers a familiar com­bination to the woodworker. It is difficult to work, but delightful to look at. Originating from a tree of moder­ate size, this deep brown and black wood can offer dis­tinctive veneers with characteristic light streaks of parenchyma, a tree tissue involved in food storage and consumption. For best results, wenge should be worked with very sharp cutters.

Other Names: Dikela, mibotu, African palisander. Sources: Equatorial Africa (Cameroon, Gabon, Zaire). Characteristics: Heavy, dense wood; straight grain; coaree texture; dark brown with blackish veins and sometimes streaked with fine, light brown lines.

Uses: Turning, interior and exterior joinery, cabinetmak­ing, paneling and decorative veneers.

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SYCAMORE, AMERICAN

(H)

Botanical Name: Fiatanus occidentals Growing to heights that top 200 feet, this species and tulip popar are the largest hardwoods in eastern North America. With its light greenish-gray bark, American sycamore is a prominent presence in any forest, and is sometimes called the ghost tree. When quartersawn, this timber possesses a distinctive fleck figure. Used to a great extent in furniture, hcnencan sycamore occasion­ally is rotary cut for veneers.

Other Names: American planetree, buttonwood, plane tree, water beech.

Sources: Eastern and central U. S.A.

Characteristics: Usually straight grain; fine, even tex­ture; pale reddish-brown.

Uses: Furniture, joinery, butcher’s blocks, and veneers...

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SPRUCE, SITKA

(S)

Botanical Name: F/cea sitchensis Sitka spruce, the largest species of spruce, can grow more than 200 feet high with diameters exceeding six feet. Although it is probably most valued for newspaper production because of its whiteness, its strength and workability make it a favorite in woodworking and con­struction. It is also a very resonant wood and is widely used in all types of string and keyboard instruments. Sitka spruce is often quartersawn.

Other Names: Silver spruce, sequoia silver spruce, tide – land spruce, Menzies spruce, coast spruce, western spruce and west coast spruce.

Sources: Canada, U. K. and U. S.A.

Characteristics: Straight grain; medium, even texture; white to yellowish-brown with a slight pinkish tinge. Very high strength-to-weight ratio.

Uses: Interior joinery, mu...

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SPANISH CEDAR

(H) ^

Botanical Name: Cedrela spp.

Although many species are marketed under the name Spanish cedar, the most important in the North American wood trade, Cedrela mexiсапа, grows in Central America and Mexico. Extremely prized in its native region for its stability, weathering qualities and relative strength, it is exported on a very limited scale. Like other “cedars,” this hardwood will arouse the senses with a pleasant aroma.

Other Names: Brazilian cedar, Honduras cedar, cedro, cedro rouge.

Sources: Mexico, Central and South America. Characteristics: Straight, occasionally interlocked, grain: fine to coaree, uneven texture; pinkish-to reddish-brown heartwood, darkens with exposure to a deeper red, occa­sionally with a purple tint; sapwood is white to pink.

Uses: Furniture, cabinet...

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SNAKEWOOD

(H)

Botanical Names: Piratinera диіапепзіз, syn. drosimum guianensis

Its markings, which resemble those on snakeskin, give this small, relatively rare timber its name. Found in lim­ited quantities in Guyana and Surinam, it is predomi­nantly used in turned items and carries a certain cachet. A snakewood cane or umbrella, for instance, might be considered a precious possession. Because of its hard­ness, snakewood is very difficult to work.

Other Names: Letterwood, leopardwood, speckled wood. Source: South America.

Characteristics: Straight grain; fine, even texture; deep red to reddish-brown with irregular, horizontal black markings.

Uses: Fine turned goods, violin bows, knife handles, marquetry and veneers.

Workability: Difficult; dulls cutting edges.

Finishing: Accepts finishe...

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SASSAFRAS

(H)

Botanical Name: Sassafras albidum Sassafras, a member of the same family as cinnamon, is best known for its fragrant oil, used for flavoring and scenting, and the tea made from its root bark.

While similar in color, grain and texture to black ash, sassafras timber is brittle and soft and is seldom available in large sizes. Its decay resistance and reso­nance make it an attractive choice for some special­ized applications.

Other Names: Cinnamon wood, red sassafras, gumbo file. Source: Eastern U. S.A.

Characteristics: Straight grain; coarse texture; light to dark brown.

Uses: Boat building, kayak paddles, containers, furni­ture and musical instruments.

Workability: Fair; wood is brittle and soft, so keep tool edges very sharp; pre-bore for nailing to avoid splitting; good bending prop...

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SAPELE

(S)

Botanical Name: Entandropbraqma cylindricum A tree of considerable size, sapele produces logs as great as five feet in diameter. It also yields a range of remarkable figured veneers. This wood is heavier, harder, stronger and usually more prominently figured than African mahogany, for which it is sometimes mistaken. It is often available quartersawn.

Other Names: Aboudikro (Ivory Coast); penYwa (Ghana); muyovu (Uganda); sapelli (Cameroon); libuyu (Zaire); sapelewood (Nigeria); acajou sapele.

5ources: East and West Africa.

Characteristics: Interlocked grain; moderately fine texture; heartwood medium to dark reddish-brown; sapwood light yellow; cedar scent.

Uses: Cabinetwork, joinery, furniture, plywood, boat building, musical instruments, sports equipment, panel­ing, marquetry and venee...

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